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一带一路的宗教风险--来自人民网的报道
发布时间: 2017/7/13日    【字体:
作者:白贲编译
关键词:  一带一路 宗教风险 人民网 普世反恐论谈  
 
 
2017年7月1日,由北京普世社会科学研究所主办的第二届“普世反恐论坛”在京举行。人民网记者马丹宁于7月3日在人民网英文版上以“专家呼吁中国一带一路的宗教包容”为题报道了此次会议,提醒一带一路建设需要注意宗教风险。
 
一带一路覆盖面积贯穿亚欧非大陆,中国将会与各种文化背景的国家打交道,宗教是文化的重中之重,必须妥善处理好宗教问题,避免宗教误会升级为文化冲突。鉴于一带一路战略基本上涉及所有遭受宗教冲突与极端主义威胁的国家和地区,宗教问题必须谨慎对待。报道分析了中国在一带一路沿线国家的投资利益以及所面临的宗教、政治风险。
 
在东南亚,中国一个关键的海上贸易路线,佛教极端分子正在缅甸制造暴动,ISIS威胁着新加坡、菲律宾和印度尼西亚。中国已经在南亚的巴基斯坦经济走廊和确保其第一个通向印度洋的港口瓜达尔港投资了460亿美元,但是巴基斯坦正面临ISIS和塔利班的威胁与及贩毒暴力等多种问题。在印度,印度民族主义者正在塑造民粹主义政策,引发基督教徒、锡克教徒和其他少数群体的政治动乱。
 
中亚多个国家是中国重要的能源进口国和未来农业与物流业的合作伙伴。伊斯兰、斯拉夫、中国蒙古、印度和佛教文明的关系错综复杂,民族分裂分子与宗教极端分子在吉尔吉斯斯坦和塔吉克斯坦越来越有势力。阿拉伯国家对一带一路的提议很是热情,希望在基础设施、核能、航空航天等高科技领域取得合作。中国已在埃及的苏伊士湾的一个自由贸易区、卡塔尔的多哈新港口项目与及阿曼特杜格姆港的一个工业园区投入巨资。科威特建议在2035年底前建造一座摩天大楼,称之为“丝绸之城”。然而,宗教正统的竞争造成了该地区破碎的地缘政治格局,从而导致外交危机,可能影响业务运营。
 
英文原文:
 

Experts hail religious inclusiveness of China’s Belt and Road

By Ma Danning (People's Daily Online)    15:24, July 03, 2017
 
Chinese experts urged parties participating in the Belt and Road Initiative to pay strong attention to religious factors, as more of the world's companies and institutes are jumping on the bandwagon for peace and prosperity.
 
On July 1, in Beijing, a panel of top academics in China called on actors in the geographically sprawling Belt and Road Initiative to uphold religion inclusiveness as a stimulus for friendship and affluence, and increase preparedness to avoid turning possible religious mishaps into crises.
 
The Belt and Road Initiative is a China-proposed development plan that aims to connect central Asia to Europe via land; and Southeast Asia to India, the Middle East, and Africa via sea. According to the panelists, the plan basically touches on all countries and regions that suffer from religious conflicts, religious politics, or the threat of extremism.
 
In Southeast Asia, a key maritime trade route for China, Buddhist extremists are on the rampage in Myanmar and ISIS is a growing threat in Singapore, the Philippines, and Indonesia.
 
In South Asia's Pakistan, China has invested $46 billion on the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor and on securing Gwadar Port as its first road link to the Indian Ocean, while Pakistan is under threat from ISIS, Taliban, and drug trafficking violence. In India, Hindu nationalists are shaping populist policies, stirring political upheavals from Christians, Sikhs, and other minorities.
 
In Central Asia,  China's crucial source of energy imports and future partner in agriculture and logistics industry, Islamic, Slavic, Chinese-Mongolian, Indian, and Buddhist civilizations have long mingled and arm-twisted; and ethnic separatists and religious extremists, especially in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, are gaining strength.
Panelists attending the counter-terrorism seminar in Beijing, July 1. 
 
Arab countries share enthusiasm for the Belt and Road Initiative too, with cooperation in infrastructure, nuclear energy, aerospace, and other high-tech sectors with China high on the agenda. China has invested heavily in a free trade zone in Egypt’s Gulf of Suez, in Qatar’s Doha New Port Project, and in an industrial park at Duqm Port in Oman. Kuwait has also proposed to build a skyscraper called Silk City by the year 2035. However, competition for religious authority has created a fragmented geopolitical landscape in the region and led to diplomatic turmoil, a potential disturbance to business operations, said Tan Xiuying, the editor-in-chief of the Journal of International Security Studies.
 
Wang Chuan, a retired Chinese army officer who heads a counter-terrorism studies center at the Knowfar Institute for Strategic & Defense Studies, called on security managers in Chinese SOEs to acquire professional training on how to deal with relations among different religious groups.
 
Previously, Huang Ping, a professor at the School of International and Public Affairs at Shanghai Jiaotong University, urged related parties to mobilize religious groups in cementing public opinion in local communities.
 
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一带一路的宗教风险--来自人民网的报道 \白贲编译
2017年7月1日,由北京普世社会科学研究所主办的第二届“普世反恐论坛”在京举行。人…
 
 
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